9. Why Do People Not Believe that Evolution Happened? ==>
   9.3. Specious Arguments Against Evolution ==>
     9.3.2. Nature of specious arguments ==> "Scientific" Arguments ==> Some Things Are Irreducibly Complex


Michael J. Behe (born 1952) is an American biochemist and intelligent design advocate. He currently serves as professor of biochemistry at Lehigh University in Pennsylvania and as a senior fellow of the Discovery Institute's Center for Science and Culture.

Behe is best known for his book, Darwins Black Box", in which he argues for "irreducible complexity", a concept that asserts that some structures are too complex at the biochemical level to be adequately explained as a result of evolutionary mechanisms and thus are the result of intelligent design.

The Department of Biological Sciences at Lehigh University has published an official position statement which says "It is our collective position that intelligent design has no basis in science, has not been tested experimentally, and should not be regarded as scientific"

Behe's claims about the irreducible complexity of essential cellular structures are roundly rejected by the scientific community. Behe's ideas about intelligent design have been rejected by the scientific community and characterized as pseudoscience.

In the "Dover Area School vs Kitzmiller" trial in Dover, Penn in 2005, Behe was a star witness for teaching Intelligent Design. However, he was forced to admit in sworn testimony that

<i>"There are no peer reviewed articles by anyone advocating for intelligent design supported by pertinent experiments or calculations which provide detailed rigorous accounts of how intelligent design of any biological system occurred"</i>


Behe's testimony in Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District (Dover, Penn) is extensively cited by the judge in his ruling that intelligent design is not science but essentially religious in nature.

Behe, in his book, cites three examples of irreducible complexity:

  • the human eye
  • blood clotting
  • the bacterial flagellum
  • The next three pages offer the scientific communities rebuttal to each of Behe's examples of irreducible complexity.