2. Bible is Wrong in Every Important Testable Instance ==>
   2.10. The Fallacy of John ==>

2.10.2. Differences in John

Differences between the Gospel of John and the Synoptics

There are episodes, characters and themes in the Synoptic Gospels that are not included in the Gospel of John.

These include:

The Genealogy of Jesus

The Nativity of Jesus.

The Baptism of Jesus.

The fate of John the Baptist. The Synoptics devote some space to the arrest, imprisonment and execution of John the Baptist. These events are not even mentioned in John.

The Temptation of Christ. In the Synoptics, the Temptation follows right after the Baptism. In John, it does not appear at all.

Satan, only mentioned once, in 13:27, versus 4 times in Matthew, 6 times in Mark, 5 times in Luke.

The name of the mother of Jesus. The other Gospels name Jesus' mother as Mary. John, for reasons unknown, never names her. Also, Jesus never addresses his mother as "Mother" but as "Woman."

The names of the brothers of Jesus. In the Synoptics, Jesus' brothers are named Iakobos ("James"), Simon, Jude and Joses. John avoids giving the name of any of them.

The Kingdom of God is only mentioned twice in John (3:3-5). In contrast, the other gospels repeatedly use the Kingdom of God and the Kingdom of Heaven as important concepts. John's Jesus claims a kingdom of his own, not of this world: 18:36. See also New Covenant.

"Hell" is named 8 times in Matthew, 3 times in Mark, 3 times in Luke. Zero times in John.

Technically, there are no parables in John. See Parables of Jesus.

Major synoptic speeches of Jesus are absent, including all of the Sermon on the Mount and the Olivet discourse and the instructions that Jesus gave to his disciples when he sent them out throughout the country to heal and preach (as in Matthew 10 and Luke 10). Instead the major speeches according to John are at the Sea of Galilee 6:22-71, the temple 7:14-8:59, and the last supper 13-17.

Organization and list of the Twelve Apostles. The other Gospels describe Jesus organizing a special group of twelve apostles, (see also Disciple (Christianity)), and provide lists of their names. John does not, though some of the names do appear. Furthermore, the Apostle (if he really is the author of the Gospel) never mentions himself by name.

The Publicans, tax collectors for the Roman Empire, figure prominently in the Synoptics, but are never mentioned by John. There are nine mentions of Publicans in Matthew, three in Mark, eleven in Luke, zero in John.

The Samaritan ban. Jesus in the Synoptics, primarily the Gospel of Matthew, forbids his disciples to preach to the Samaritans (Matt 10:5, 15:24, Luke 17:11). In John, he issues no such prohibition and even preaches to the Samaritans himself (4). (Also in John, Jesus is accused of being a Samaritan - and never denies it - 8:48-52)

Jesus' Exorcisms. Several of the miracles in the Synoptics are exorcisms of demons. There are no exorcisms in John.

Beelzebub is mentioned in Matt 10:25, 12:22-29, Mark 3:20-35, and Luke 11:14-22. Not one mention in John.

The visit to Nazareth. In the Synoptics, Jesus pays a crucial visit to his hometown of Nazareth. John omits this. See also Rejection of Jesus.

Legion. The Synoptic story about a man possessed by a whole legion of demons is missing in John.

The second miraculous multiplication of food. In the Synoptics, Jesus twice multiplies a few loaves of bread and a few fish into a meal for thousands of people. The two miracles occur in different localities, with different species of fish and different types of baskets being used. John mentions only one of the multiplications.

Banning of Jesus. John in the story of the healing of a blind man tells us that the followers of Jesus were banned from the synagogues - but there is no mention of Jesus himself being thus banned. The "Banning of the Christians from the Synagogues" is generally dated around 90 AD. See also Council of Jamnia. (John 9:22, 9:34, 12:42, 16:2)

The Transfiguration.

The proclamation "This is my beloved Son; hear him." It appears in Matthew 17:5, Mark 9:7, and Luke 9:35, but is found nowhere in John.

Bartimaeus. The synoptic story of the healing of a blind man of Jericho is missing in John. Related is John 9.

The outcome of the plot against Lazarus. John says there was a plot to kill Lazarus (John 12:9-11), but says no more about it or even whether it was successful or not - and if not, why not.

Neaniskos, a Greek word meaning "young man," appears in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, but not in John.

The Triumphal entry into Jerusalem.

The Passover Seder. The Synoptics describe the Last Supper as a Passover gathering, on Nisan 15, but John says that the supper was on the evening before Passover started, Nisan 14. See also Quartodecimanism.

The institution of the Eucharist is a prominent part of the accounts of the Last Supper in the Synoptics, but it is totally omitted by John. John 6:48-71 is related, see also Transubstantiation.