Nonsense of Noah
|NEW EVIDENCE OF CATACLYSMIC CHANGE
This article documents the fact that the area around Mt Ararat is on a serious fault, the "North Anatolian Fault", and has suffered from earthquakes for centuries. "The Gods" were blamed for all natural catastrophes including the flood that created the Black Sea 7500 years ago.
See this article for a complete description of the flood,
Ancient shipwrecks and telltale shells bring to life epics of distant trade and a prehistoric flood. in National Geographic,
As the last ice age was waning 12,000 years ago, the Black Sea was a smaller, freshwater lake. As glaciers melted over the following millennia, global sea levels rose gradually but markedly; it was thought that the Black Sea's level did likewise. Now it appears that a natural dam at today's Bosporus may have held the rising Sea of Marmara at bay--until the dam's collapse sent ten cubic miles of seawater a day roaring into the Black Sea, then 500 feet lower. The sea would have pushed inland up to a mile each day for months, forcing inhabitants to flee. This is the theory of marine geologists William Ryan and Walter Pitman, who in 1993 found a sediment and marine-life record off the sea's north shore suggesting such a flood. Corroborating that theory, last summer ocean explorer Bob Ballard found a beach beneath 500 feet of water near the sea's south shore. The sediments yielded lakeshore rocks and shells--freshwater shells as young as 7,800 years old and saltwater shells as old as 7,300 years--indicating the freshwater lake had been inundated by salt water. Buoyed by the find, Ballard plans to search for evidence of human settlement along the drowned shore.
In the Marmara area the North Anatolian Fault has caused immeasurable devastation. In the past 2,000 years almost 600 documented earthquakes--40 of them magnitude 7 or greater--have hammered the region. Izmit has been destroyed repeatedly, and Istanbul itself has been severely damaged four times by great earthquakes in the past 500 years.
The fault may also have triggered the most catastrophic event ever seen along the Sea of Marmara--an enormous flood about 7,500 years ago that filled up the Black Sea Basin--according to Bill Ryan and Walter Pitman, geologists at Columbia University. They recently demonstrated that at the end of the Ice Age the Black Sea was much lower and smaller. Then as glaciers melted, rising seas cut a channel--today's Bosporus--from the Sea of Marmara toward the Black Sea Basin. Perhaps triggered by an earthquake, an enormous flume of water poured down an escarpment north of modern Istanbul for more than a hundred days, filling the basin to sea level. The flood must have driven settlers all along the former coast from their villages. Perhaps, Ryan and Pitman suggest, it was this sequence of events that inspired the story of Noah's Flood.