CRITIQUE OF GENESIS
MOSES NOT AUTHOR OF GENESIS
Dr. T. C. Schaber holds the position that Genesis was written by ancient Talibani trying
to explain their world and the phenomena around them.
What they wrote was scientifically inaccurate due to their limited knowledge
of natural law. There is no way this mish-mosh of simpleton observations could have been divinely inspired.
|How long is a day?|
|A day is 24 hours in Genesis|
20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
|For an interesting discussion of how long is a day, see Apparent Age by Dr. Jack L. Arnold in "Equipping Pastors International Theology Proper",Lesson 13|
Viewed in the context of two authors, Genesis I and II make perfect sense. This "non-Moses authorship" idea is also
held by modern scholars who generally agree that the book is a composite of at least three different literary strands:
J (10th century BC), E (9th century), and P (5th century). Now, I ain't no
modern scholar but even I, a mere reader of the text can see that it was
not written by a single individual.
As further evidence, consider the practical issues of Moses around that ancient time (approximately 1300 BC). There were no organized written languages! Written language was developed around 400 to 600 years later. Only symbol systems such as Egyptian hieroglyphics existed,(see history of written language below) and they were not really languages. They were not capable of expressing sophisticated concepts such as the Sabbath. (It would likely take hundreds of picture symbols to express the single sentence, "Honor the Sabbath". )
In addition, Moses was busy leading a group of people across a desert and had many more urgent things to be dealing with than carving hieroglyphic symbols into stones! And worse, carrying large numbers of such stones with him through the desert!
Day One: Heavens, earth (including water), light.
Day Two: Firmament separating waters.
Day Three: Dry land appears vegetation, fruit trees (Talmud: Plant life remained under soil until the arrival of man.)
Day Four: Creation of sun, moon and stars (Talmud: Created on the first day and set in place on the fourth.)
Day Five: Fish and aquatic life; birds, flying insects.
Day Six: Terrestrial mammals, terrestrial insects and reptiles.
The Order Given by Science
14 billion years ago: Universe begins.
4.5 billion years ago: Formation of the earth (Day One) and of the moon and sun (Day Four)
500 million years ago: First fish (Day Five)
438 m.y.a.: First land plants (Day Three)
434 m.y.a.: First terrestrial insects (Day Six)
400 m.y.a.: First flying insects (Day Five)
360 m.y.a.: First trees. (Day Three)
300 m.y.a.: First terrestrial reptiles (Day Six)
200 m.y.a.: First terrestrial mammals (Day Six)
150 m.y.a.: First Birds (Day Five)