1. And Lo, it came to pass that Exodus is not true ==>

1.6. No Evidence of an "Exodus"


There is no archiological or historical evidence that the events depicted in Exodus ever happened.

There is no mention of a calamity of the magnitude described in Exodus anywhere other than the bible.

There is no evidence that it ever occured.

  • These central events in the history of the Israelites are not corroborated in documents external to the Bible or in archaeological findings. Most historians today agree that at best, the stay in Egypt and the exodous occurred in a few families and that their private story was expanded and "nationalized" to fit the needs of theological ideology. Many archaeologists, including Israel Finkelstein, Zahi Hawass, Ze'ev Herzog and William G. Dever, regard the Exodus as non-historical, at best containing a small germ of truth.
  • More than a century of archaeological research has discovered nothing which could support the narrative elements of the book of Exodus - the four centuries sojourn in Egypt, the escape of well over a million Israelites from the Delta, or the three months journey through the wilderness to Sinai.[1] Archaeological research has found no evidence that the Sinai desert ever hosted, or could have hosted, millions of people, nor of a massive population increase in Canaan, estimated to have had a population of between 50,000 and 100,000 at the time. The wilderness of the southern Sinai peninsula shows no traces of a mass-migration such as Exodus describes, and virtually all the place-names mentioned, including Goshen (the area within Egypt where the Israelites supposedly lived), the store-cities of Pithom and Rameses, the site of the crossing of the Red Sea, and even Mt Sinai itself, have resisted identification.[2]
  • The Egyptian records themselves have no mention of anything recorded in Exodus. Egyptians wrote extensively, in their distinctive hieroglyphs, and practiced detailed art that depicted many scenes of Egyptian life yet none depicts any of the 10 plagues. Because they left such a rich legacy, the Egyptians are more familiar to us than perhaps any other ancient civilization.
  • The archaeology of Palestine has equally failed to substantiate the Bible's account of the invasion of Canaan by the Israelites arriving from Egypt some forty years later - of the 31 cities supposedly conquered by Joshua, only one (Bethel) shows a destruction level that equates to the Biblical narrative, and there is general agreement that the origins of Israel lie within Canaan itself.[3] Even those scholars who hold the Exodus to represent historical truth concede that the most the evidence can suggest is plausibility.[4]
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Book_of_Exodus

  • The bible says 603,500 "fighting men". Wives and children would have brought the total to two million or more, equivalent to more than half of the entire Egyptian population of around 3-6 million.The loss of such a huge proportion of the population would have caused havoc to the Egyptian economy, but no evidence of such effect has been found.
    Think of it this way... if, in the United States, approximately 20 million workers of the lowest job skills suddenly disappeared tomorrow and, at the same time, one/third of our population suddenly dropped dead, all at the stroke of midnight, and our entire remaining Army drowned in the sea, don't you think this would have affected our economy and reduced us to a third world country?
  • Ain't no mention of jews or 10 plagues in this http://www.touregypt.net/ehistory.htm extensive history of Egypt.
  • Point two of my proof is that all of the events of Exodus are described ONLY in the Bible. There is no corroborating evidence anywhere.

    1 James Weinstein, "Exodus and the Archaeological Reality", in Exodus: The Egyptian Evidence, ed. Ernest S. Frerichs and Leonard H. Lesko (Eisenbrauns, 1997), p.87

    2 John Van Seters, "The Geography of the Exodus", in The Land I Will Show You: Essays on the History and Archaeology of the Ancient Near East in Honour of J. Maxwell Miller, ed. J. Andrew Dearman and M. Patrick Graham (JSOT 343, Sheffield Academic Press, 2001), pp. 255-76

    3 Lawrence E. Stager, "Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel", in The Oxford History of the Biblical World, ed. Michael D. Coogan (OUP, 1998), pp.131-4

    4 James K. Hoffmeier, Israel in Egypt: The Evidence for the Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition, (OUP, 1999)