If the book of Exodus is to be held out as truth, it cannot contain two statements that it purports to be true, yet they contradict one another.
All the cattle get killed twice.
9:6 all the cattle of Egypt died
12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
"... and ALL the firstborn of cattle". But ALL the cattle were killed with the Fifth Plague
Gawd tell Moses that the people will believe him (Moses) for ever
19:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee,
and believe thee for ever.
Gawd, the all knowing, can't distinguish between Jews and non Jews
Ha Ha Ha... the all knowing gawd has to have the jews put lambs' blood on their doorframe so he can identify the jews but he instantly, at the stroke of midnight, can identify each firstborn of every living thing.
Contradicts laws of biology: Population goes from 70 to two million in about 400 years*
Exodus 1:5 says that there were 70 of them when they settled in Egypt.
Exodus 6:16-20 says that there were four generations from the children of Jacob to Moses: Levi, Kohath, Amram and Moses.
Exodus 12:37 says that the Israelite men number 600,000 plus the women and children when Moses led them out of Egypt.
Assuming a 1:1 ratio of men to women, this means the adult population Jewish-Egyptians went from 70 to 1,200,000 in four generations.
For this figure to make any sense, each Jewish-Egyptian woman would need to have an average of 51.6 children with no infant mortality. This means that each would have to be constantly pregnant from ages 15-40 with twins.
38:26 ......, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men.
603,550 men over 20 (it turns out) means about two million total (women and children under 20). Those jews reproduced like rabbits.
Multiple versions of the truth: Two different durations of slavery in Egypt
Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years. .
Exodus 12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.
Seems like a minor discrepancy but if you believe the bible to be the inerrent truth, there is a problem with two different "true" numbers relating to the same event.
"For no man shall see God and live." (Exodus Chapter 33 verse 20)
(Exodus Chapter 24 verse 1)
"And he said to Moses, "Come up to YAHWEH, you and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and worship afar off. Moses alone shall come near to YAHWEH; but the others shall not come near, and the people shall not come up with him." Moses came and told the people all the words of YAHWEH and all the ordinances; and all the people answered with one voice, and said, "All the words which YAHWEH has spoken we will do.""
But Moses and the boys had a picnic with gawd.
(Exodus Chapter 24 verse 9)
"Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel went up, and they saw the God of Israel; and there was under his feet as it were a pavement of sapphire stone, like the very heaven for clearness. And God's arm was not stretched out against the chief men of the people of Israel; they saw God; they ate and drank."
Visits death and pain upon third and fourth generationis but spares the thousandth.
Gawd contradicts himself in feelings about Isrealites.
In Exodus 33, God refuses to go in the midst of the "stiff necked" people of Israel because he's so mad at them that he'd consume them. In Exodus 40, God changes his mind, since he's hanging out with them at the tabernacle.
Rules for entering and leaving the "tabernacle" are contradictory
In Exodus 33, Moses has a tent that he calls the tabernacle and when the "God cloud" appears there, he goes and talks with Yahweh.
In Exodus 40, he cannot go into the tabernacle when the cloud is there.
Jewelry is forbidden yet highly praised
Exodus 33 tells the people of Israel may not wear jewelry or fine clothes as penance for their worshiping a golden calf; yet, Aaron, who orchestrated the golden calf adventure, is named a high priest of Yahweh and wears fancy clothes and precious gems.
What's For Dinner? Manna or Bread and bull meat?
So far in Exodus, we've been told that the Israelites are wandering around in the desert for 40 years and the only thing that they have to eat is manna that comes down from heaven. In chapter 29(and many others), the priests are to slaughter bulls and rams, burn the dung, the fat, the bodies, sprinkle blood all over and make special offerings that smell good to God. Breads and oils are added to the mix. The priests - who dress up in their special garments described in the previous chapter - splash blood on themselves and throughout their temple and eat some of the meat after doing the appropriate ceremonies.