60. Contradictions ==>

60.2. Problems with The Resurrection

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matthew

 

Mark

Luke

John

 

Who

carried the cross?

Simon

of Cyrene

style='font-style:normal'>(27:32)

 

Simon

of Cyrene

style="mso-spacerun: yes">   (15:21)

Simon

of Cyrene (23:26)

Only

Jesus himself carried the cross. 

(19:17)

At

what time was Jesus crucified?

Not

mentioned in Matthew

9:00

a.m.  -- &8220;It was the third hour when they crucified him.&8221;

style="mso-spacerun: yes">        (15:25)

Not

mentioned in Luke

12:00

p.m.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  -- Jesus was not crucified until after

the sixth hour!    (19:14-15)

On

which day of the month was Jesus crucified?

On

the first day of Passover, the 15th day of Nissan1

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:blue'>

style="mso-spacerun: yes">       (26:20-30)

On

the first day of Passover, the 15th day 

 of Nissan

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:000099'>1                   (14:17-25)

 

On

the first day of Passover, the 15th day of Nissan1

style="mso-spacerun: yes">     (22:14--23)

On

the day before Passover, the 14th day of Nissan1         (13:1, 29, 12:28,

19:14)

 

1 Because all three synoptic insist that the Last Supper was a Passover

Seder, they must therefore maintain that the crucifixion occurred

on the first day of Passover, rather than the eve of Passover, as John

would have us believe. 

href="Resurrection.htmldate">(see accompanying article, &8220;

style='mso-bidi-font-style:italic'>The Crucifixion Date: On

Which Day Was Jesus Crucified?&8221;)

 

Did

Jesus drink while on the cross?

Yes

No

Not

mentioned in Luke

Yes

Did

either one of the two thieves on the cross believe   in Jesus?

Neither

one of the thieves believed in Jesus.

(27:44)

 

Neither

one of the thieves believed in Jesus.

(15:32)

In

Luke&8217;s story only one thief does not believe, but the other

thief does. (23:39-41)

 

Not

mentioned in John

What

were Jesus&8217; last dying words on the cross?

 

&8220;Eli,

Eli, lama sabachthani?&8221;

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  that is, &8220;My God, my God,

why hast thou forsaken me?&8221;                

(27:46)

&8220;Eloi,

Eloi, lama sabachthani?&8221;

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  meaning, &8220;My God, my God,

why hast thou forsaken me?&8221;  

(15:34)

 

&8220;Father,

into thy hands I commend my spirit.&8221;     

(23:46)

&8220;It

is finished.&8221;

style="mso-spacerun: yes">     (19:30)

When

did Mary prepare the spices?

Not

mentioned in Matthew

Mary

prepared the spices after the Sabbath was over.      (16:1)

 

Mary

prepared the spices before the Sabbath started.      (23:56)

Nicodemus,

not Mary, prepared the spices before the    

Sabbath.             

(19:39)

 

Had

the sun yet risen when the women came to the tomb?

It

was toward dawn of the first day of the week.                

(28:1)

 

Yes

-- They came to the tomb when the sun had risen.          (16:2)

At

early dawn they went to the tomb.

(24:1)

 

No

-- Mary came early to the tomb, while it was still dark.        (20:1)

How

many days and how many nights was Jesus in the tomb?

 

3

days and 2 nights

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:000099'>2 (28:1)

3

days and 2 nights

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:000099'>2

style="mso-spacerun: yes">     (16:2)

 

3

days and 2 nights

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:000099'>2

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'> (24:1)

2

days and 2 nights

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:000099'>2

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt'>

style="mso-spacerun: yes">    (20:1)

 

2

Although Jesus had prophesied

that he would be in the tomb for three days and three nights!

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  -- Matthew 12:40

How

many people came to the tomb Sunday morning following the crucifixion?

 

Two                    

(28:1)

Three                

(16:1)

More

than four (24:10)

One                  

(20:1)

Who

were the women who came to the tomb?

Mary

Magdalene and the other Mary      

(28:1)

Mary

Magdalene, Mary the mother of James and Salome 

(16:1)

 

Mary

Magdalene, Mary mother of James, Joanna, and other women            

(24:10)

Only

Mary Magdalene came to the tomb (20:1)

Was

the stone removed when the women arrived at the tomb?

No

-- After the women arrive at the tomb, an angel rolls back the stone.

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">                  

(28:1-2)

Yes

-- When they arrived, the stone had already been rolled away.                

(16:4)

Yes

-- When they arrived, the stone had already been taken away.                

(24:2)

Yes

-- When Mary arrived, the stone had already been taken away.                

(20:1)

 

How

many angels were at the tomb?

One                    

(28:2)

 

One                    (16:5)

Two                  

(24:4)

Two                  

(20:1-2, 12)

What

was the angel (s) doing at the tomb and where was he

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  (they)?

 

He

was sitting on the stone that he had rolled away from the tomb.      (28:2)

He

was sitting on the right side, inside the tomb.                

(16:5)

They

were standing by the women, inside the tomb.                

(24:4)

In

the Book of John, there are no angels when Mary comes to the tomb. 

When Mary arrives at the tomb a second time, however, she finds

two angels sitting inside the tomb. 

One is at the head and the other is at the feet

href="Resurrection.html#true">(see accompanying article, “Can Both of  These Stories Be True?”)

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">              

(20:1-2, 12)

 

What

were the angels’ instructions to Mary and the others* at the tomb?


*No others in the Book of

John

“He

is not here; for he has risen . 

.  .  go quickly

and tell his disciples he is going before you to the Galilee!”

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>3

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>    

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">             (28:6-7)

“Do

not be amazed

style="mso-spacerun: yes">      .

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  .  .  he has risen

.  .

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  .  tell his disciples and Peter he is going before you to Galilee!”3

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">            (16:6-7)

 

In

Luke’s post- resurrection story

style='font-weight:normal'>(chapter 24), the women at

the tomb are specifically instructed not to go to the Galilee, but to

“Stay in Jerusalem!”    

(24:49)

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>3

This

is also the case in the Book of Acts, which was written by the author

of Luke, where “He commanded them that they should not leave Jerusalem!”          (Acts

1:4)

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">         

 

Luke’s

post-resurrection story does not allow for any of Jesus’ followers

to leave Jerusalem because Luke must have the apostles stay in Jerusalem

for the Pentecost.

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">           (Acts

2:1)

The

angels only ask Mary “Why are you weeping woman?” 

As Mary responds, she turns around and sees Jesus, who she thinks

is the gardener, standing there. 

Completely contradicting all three synoptic Gospels, John’s

story

style='font-weight:normal'>(20:2) has Mary clueless as to what

happened to Jesus’ body when she returns to the disciples after

departing the tomb.  There

are no angels giving instructions to the Mary in John’s story.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  On the contrary, in the fourth Gospel,

it is Jesus, not the two angels, who tells Mary about the resurrection. 

John’s post-resurrection narrative also lacks the Roman

solders that Matthew places at the tomb. 

Without the presence of the guards at the tomb, John’s

Mary concludes that Jesus’ body had been removed from the tomb. 

href="Resurrection.html#true">(see accompanying article, “Can Both of These Stories Be True?”)

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">            

(20:13-17)

 

 

 

 

3

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>

style='font-family:Arial'>Luke contradicts Matthew (28:16) and Mark (16:7),

whose post-resurrection tale has the apostles depart Jerusalem, and

going to the Galilee, which is about an 80-90 mile journey.  Luke, on the other hand, insists that the apostles were never

told to, and never did, leave Jerusalem and go to the Galilee!

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  -- Luke 24:5-7, 49; Acts 1:4

 

 

Does

Mary wish to tell the disciples what happened?

Yes

-- “They departed quickly . 

.  .  and ran to

tell the disciples.”      (28:8)

 

No

-- “.  .  .

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  they said nothing to anyone; for they

were afraid.”  (16:8)

Yes

-- “Returning from the tomb, they told all this to the eleven

.  . 

.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  .”   (24:9)

Yes

-- Mary Magdalene tells the disciples, “I have seen the Lord.”          (20:12)

 

After

seeing the angels, whom does Mary meet first, Jesus or the disciples?

Jesus

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>4

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">                 

(28:9)

 

Jesus

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>4

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">                

(16:9)

The

disciples4

style="mso-spacerun: yes">     (24:4-9)

 

Jesus

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>4

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">                    

(20:14)

4

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>

style='font-family:Arial'>Entirely contradicting Luke’s post-resurrection

story, Matthew, Mark, and John all insist that Mary met Jesus before

she was able to tell any of the disciples what had happened (Matthew

28:8; Mark 16:9; John 20:14), whereas Luke asserts that Mary revealed

all to the disciples before ever encountering Jesus! 

--                

Luke 24:4-10

 

To

whom does Jesus make his first post- resurrection appearance?

The

two Marys

style='font-size:12.0pt;color:##EDC43B'>.

Only

Mary

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  Magdalene

style='font-size:12.0pt;color:##EDC43B'>.

Cleopas

and another

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>5

Only

Mary Magdalene

style='font-size:12.0pt;color:##EDC43B'>.

 

Where

does the first post- resurrection appearance take place?

On

the way to Jerusalem, after leaving the tomb.             

(28:9)

 

Mark’s

story does not indicate where this appearance takes place. 

It is quite clear, however, that it occurs sometime after Mary

fled the tomb.      

(16:8-9)

Emmaus5

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">           (24:13,

12)

 

At

the tomb

style='font-size:12.0pt;color:white'>5

style="mso-spacerun: yes">      (20:1,

11-14)

5

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>

style='font-family:Arial'>Contradicting Mark, Luke maintains that when the two

followers who met Jesus on the road to Emmaus returned to Jerusalem

and informed the eleven about their encounter, the disciples declared,

“It is true!”  (Luke

24:34) whereas Mark insists that when the two reported their encounter,

the disciples did not believe (16:13).

 

Is

Mary permitted to touch Jesus after the resurrection?

Yes

– “.  .  .

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  they came and held him by his feet,

and worshiped him.”                  

(28:9)

 

Not

mentioned in Mark  

YES

-- “Behold my hands and my feet . 

.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  .  handle me and         see .

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  .  .  .”

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">                      

(24:39; 1 John 1:1)

 

No

-- Jesus said to her, “Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended

to my  Father . 

.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  .  .”               

(20:17)

 

How

many times does Jesus appear after the resurrection?

Two

Times


 

1) 28:9-10


2) 28:17-205

style='width:101.0%;mso-cellspacing:0in;background:silver;border:none;

mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 0in 0in'>

Paul

 

Six

Times

1 & 2)

I Cor.      (15:5)

 

3) I Cor.  (15:6)

4 & 5) I Cor.      (15:7)

6) I Cor.  (15:8)

 

Three

Times


 

1) 16:9

2) 16:125

3) 16:14-12

 

Two

Times


1) 24:13-31

2) 24:36-515

 

Four

Times


1) 20:14-17

2) 20:19-236

 

3) 20:26-295

4) 21:1-23

6

Contradicting Luke’s

post-resurrection story entirely, John has the apostles receive the

Holy Spirit on the first Easter Sunday (John 20:22), whereas Luke insists

that the Holy Spirit was bestowed on the Pentecost, fifty days latter!

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  -- Acts 1:5, 8; 2:1- 4

 

Before

whom, and  in what chronological

order do these appearances take place?

Mary

Magdalene and the other Mary     

(28:9)

 

11

disciples

style="mso-spacerun: yes">     (28:16)

style='width:101.0%;mso-cellspacing:0in;background:silver;border:none;

mso-padding-alt:0in 0in 0in 0in' height=205>

 

 

Paul

I

Corinthians

1) Peter (15:5)

2) All 12 apost.    (15:5)

3) 500 people    

(15:6)

 

4) James (15:7)

5) All 12 apost.   

(15:7)

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">             

6) Paul (15:8)

Mary

Magdalene

style="mso-spacerun: yes">   (16:9)

Two

strolling followers

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>5

style="mso-spacerun: yes">    (16:12)

 

11

disciples

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>7

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">         (16:14)

Cleopas

and another unknown follower. 

(24:13)

Eleven

disciples

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>7

style="mso-spacerun: yes">        “. 

.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  .  and them that were with them.”  (24:33)

 

Mary

Magdalene (20:14)

Ten

disciples

style='mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>7

(Thomas was not there)              

(20:24)

Eleven

disciples (20:26)

 

Peter,

Thomas, the two sons of Zebedee (James and John), Nathaniel and two

other disciples.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">   (21:2)

7

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12.0pt;color:#000099'>

style='font-family:Arial'>According to Matthew, Mark, and Luke, Jesus made this

appearance to all the eleven surviving disciples.

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  Paul has this event take place in the

presence of all twelve apostles (Corinthians 15:5) although Judas had

long since died, having committed suicide (Matthew 27:5; Acts 1:12).

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  Contrary to all this, John’s story

places only ten disciples at the scene, Thomas being absent!

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  --           John

20:24

 

Where

do these appearances take place?

Leaving

the tomb, going to the disciples.        (28:8)

 

On

a mountain in the Galilee.

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">              

(28:16)

(But

some doubted it!) (28:17)

After

fleeing the tomb

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">              

(16:8-9)

 

As

they walked to the country

style="mso-spacerun:

yes">            

(16:12)

At

a meal              

(16-:14)

Emmaus            (24:13)

 

Jerusalem          (24:33,

49),

At

the tomb

style="mso-spacerun: yes">     (20:14)

In

Jerusalem, behind closed doors.    

(20:12-29)

 

The

Sea of Tiberias (21:1)

 

 

“For error is manifold, truth but one”

 

©1998 Rabbi Tovia

Singer

 

Click

here to return to the Question



Footnotes:

1

style='font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:12;color:#333399'> Because

all three synoptic insist that the Last Supper was a Passover Seder,

they must, therefore, hold that the crucifixion occurred on the first day

of Passover, rather than the eve of Passover, as John would have us believe.

 

2 Although Jesus had

prophesied that he would be in the tomb for three days and three nights!

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  -- Matthew 12:40

3 Luke contradicts Matthew

(28:16) and Mark (16:7), whose post-resurrection tale has the apostles depart

Jerusalem, and going to the Galilee, which is about an 80-90 mile journey. 

Luke, on the other hand, insists that the apostles were never told

to, and never did, leave Jerusalem and go to the Galilee! 

-- Luke 24:5-7, 49; Acts 1:4

4 Entirely contradicting

Luke’s post-resurrection story, Matthew, Mark, and John all insist that

Mary met Jesus before she was able to tell any of the disciples what had happened

(Matthew 28:8; Mark 16:9; John 20:14), whereas Luke asserts that Mary revealed

all to the disciples before ever encountering Jesus!

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  -- Luke 24:4-10

 

5

Contradicting Mark (16:13), Luke maintains that when the two followers

who met Jesus on the road to Emmaus returned to Jerusalem and informed the

eleven about their encounter, the disciples declared “It is true!”

(Luke 24:34) whereas Mark insists that when the two reported their encounter,

the disciples did not believe.

6

Contradicting Luke’s post-resurrection story entirely, John has

the apostles receive the Holy Spirit on the first Easter Sunday (John 20:22),

whereas Luke insists that the Holy Spirit was bestowed on the Pentecost, fifty

days latter! -- Acts 1:5, 8; 2:1-4

7 According to Matthew,

Mark, and Luke, Jesus made this appearance to all the eleven surviving disciples. 

Paul has this event take place in the presence of all twelve apostles

(I Corinthians 15:5) although Judas had long since died, having committed

suicide (Matthew 27:5; Acts 1:12).  Contrary

to all this, John’s story places only ten disciples at the scene, Thomas

being absent!

style="mso-spacerun: yes">  -- John 20:24

 

 

 

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