If the book of Exodus is to be held out as truth, it cannot contain two statements that it purports to be true, yet they contradict one another.
All the cattle get killed twice.
9:6 all the cattle of Egypt died
The bible says ALL the cattle of Egypt died. Not some, not just the Egyptians cattle. It says ALL the cattle died.
12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.
"... and ALL the firstborn of cattle". But ALL the cattle were killed with the Fifth Plague
Contradicts laws of biology: Population goes from 70 to two million in about 400 years*
1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already
38:26 ......, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men.
603,550 men over 20 (it turns out) means about two million total. Those jews reproduced like rabbits.
Two different durations of slavery in Egypt
Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs,
and shall serve them, and they shall afflict them four hundred years. .
Exodus 12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.
Seems like a minor discrepancy but if you believe the bible to be truth, there is a problem with two different "true" numbers relating to the same event.
Miracles are not miracles
Visits death and pain upon third and fourth generationis but spares the thousandth.
Gawd contradicts himself in feelings about Isrealites.
In Exodus 33, God refuses to go in the midst of the "stiff necked" people of Israel because he's so mad at them that he'd consume them. In Exodus 40, God changes his mind, since he's hanging out with them at the tabernacle.
Rules for entering and leaving the "tabernacle" are contradictory
In Exodus 33, Moses has a tent that he calls the tabernacle and when the "God cloud" appears there, he goes and talks with Yahweh.
In Exodus 40, he cannot go into the tabernacle when the cloud is there.
Jewelry is forbidden yet highly praised
Exodus 33 tells the people of Israel may not wear jewelry or fine clothes as penance for their worshiping a golden calf; yet, Aaron, who orchestrated the golden calf adventure, is named a high priest of Yahweh and wears fancy clothes and precious gems.
What's For Dinner? Manna or Bread and bull meat?
So far in Exodus, we've been told that the Israelites are wandering around in the desert for 40 years and the only thing that they have to eat is manna that comes down from heaven. In chapter 29(and many others), the priests are to slaughter bulls and rams, burn the dung, the fat, the bodies, sprinkle blood all over and make special offerings that smell good to God. Breads and oils are added to the mix. The priests who dress up in their special garments described in the previous chapter splash blood on themselves and throughout their temple and eat some of the meat after doing the appropriate ceremonies.